Ingredient Names in English, Malayalam and Tamil/Hindi

Spices and Aromatics

  • Asafoetida – Kayam/ Perunkayam
  • Bay leaf – Karuva ella
  • Caraway seeds – Ayamodagam/ Ajwain
  • Cardamom – Yelakka/ Elaichi
  • Coriander powder -Malli podi
  • Cumin seeds – Jeera/ Jeerakam
  • Cumin powder – Jeeraka podi
  • Cinnamon – Patta/ Karugapatta
  • Cloves- Grambu/ Krambu
  • Chilly powder – Mulagu podi
  • Dry ginger-Chukku
  • Dry red chilli -Unakka Mulagu
  • Fennel seeds – Perumjeerakam/ Shombu
  • Fenugreek seeds – Uluva/ Vendhiyam/ Ventayam
  • Green Chilli – Pacha mulagu
  • Mace – Jaathipoo
  • Mustard -Kadugu/ Kadukku
  • Nutmeg – Jaathikka
  • Pepper – Kurumulagu/ Kurumulakku
  • Poppy seeds- Kassa Kassa
  • Star anise – Takkolam
  • Turmeric powder – Manjal Podi

Vegetables

  • Beans – Payar
  • Bitter gourd -Paavakka
  • Bottle gourd – Churakka
  • Cabbage – Muttakoos
  • Chayote squash – Chow Chow/ Sheema Kathirikka/ Bangalore Kathirikka
  • Chinese Potato – Koorka
  • Cilantro – Malli ella
  • Colocassia/ Taro/ Arbi – Chaembu
  • Cucumber – Vellarikka
  • Curry leaves- Karuvaepella
  • Capsicum/ Bell pepper- Shimla mirch
  • Drumstick -Muringakka
  • Drumstick Leaves – Muringa cheera
  • Eggplant/ Brinjal – Vazhuthananga
  • Ginger – Inji
  • Garlic – Velluthulli
  • Ivy gourd/ Tindora -Kovakka
  • Long beans – Achinga Payar
  • Mint leaves- Pudhina ella
  • Okra/ Ladies finger – Vendakka
  • Onion, big -Savvola
  • Potato -Uralakizhangu
  • Pumpkin – Mathanga
  • Ridge gourd – Peechinga
  • Shallot / pearl onions – Kunju ulli
  • Snake gourd – Padavalenga
  • Sweet Potato – Madhura Kizhangu
  • Tomato – Thakkaali
  • Tapioca/ Yuca – Kappa
  • Winter melon/Ash gourd – Kumbalenga
  • Yam- Chaenna

Lentils, Dals and Flour

  • All-purpose flour/ refined wheat flour  -Maida
  • Bengal gram dal/ split chickpea dal – Kadala parippu/ Channa dal
  • Chick peas /Garbanzo beans- Kadala / Channa
  • Gram flour/ Garbanzo bean flour – Kadala maavu/Besan
  • Green gram – Cherupayar
  • Green gram dal – Cherupayar parippu/Moong dal
  • Horse gram – Muthira
  • Lentil – Parippu
  • Red Lentils/ Masoor dal – Chuvanna parippu
  • Rice flakes/ beaten rice -Aval
  • Rice flour -Ari Podi
  • Whole- wheat flour – Gothambu podi/ Atta
  • Yellow pigeon peas/ Yellow Split Peas – Tuvaram parippu/ Tuvar dal/ Toor dal

Seafood

  • Anchovy- Netholi
  • King Fish- Aiykoora
  • Mackerel-Ayala
  • Pearl Spot – Karimeen
  • Pomfret – Aavoli
  • Salmon- Kora
  • Sardine -Mathi/ Chaalla
  • Seer fish / queen fish -Neyy meen
  • Shrimp / prawns- Chemmeen / Konju
  • Squid/mullet- Kannava
  • Tuna – Choora
  • Tilapia – Kerala Karimeen